This book identifies the factors--geographic, economic, cultural, and technical--that must be considered if technology transfer is to be effective. Samli and his contributors emphasize cultural barriers as the greatest challenge to a successful transfer. They advance an all important principle, that of congruence among the sender, the technology, and the receiver. Among the questions the book answers are: What sender strategies are most successful in technology transfer? What technologies should have higher priorities and how should these be established? What are the cultural barriers to technology transfer? What are the institutional instruments of technology transfer and how do they proceed in transfer activities? How should the process of technology transfer and its aftermath be monitored? Sixteen essays, written by scientists, economists, and marketing specialists, answer each of these and many other questions about technology transfer.
Linguistic theory has recently experienced a shift in its conceptual approach from the formulation of descriptively adequate accounts of languages to the definition of principles and parameters claimed to reflect the initial structure of the language faculty, often termed Universal Grammar (UG). Linguistic experience is said to have the effect of guiding the child/linguist in fixing the unspecified parameters of U G to determine the grammar of his/her language. The study of anaphora has been of central concern as it addresses directly the innateness vs. experience issue. On the one hand, it is a part of all natural languages that is largely under- determined by the data, and must therefore be included in the characterization of the initial state of the language faculty. On the other hand, although the principles that govern anaphora do not exhibit extreme variations across languages, a child/linguist must solve language specific issues for his/her language based on linguistic experience. This book examines a set of linguistic structures from both a theoretical and an experimental perspective. The purpose is to xv PREFACE xvi determine the roles of innateness and of experience in the devel- opment of a child's theory of anaphora for his/her language.
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